Writing a research paper is tough and time requiring task. Writing a unique research paper is even more. During student life, everyone has to write a research paper for once, at least. This is important to polish your writing skills too. Mostly, it covers a large part of your grading scheme. That’s why you must know the secret behind writing a unique research paper.
A research paper is a type of academic writing that is based on analysis, interpretation, and arguments on the basis of independent research. It is more like an essay but much longer and more factual.
If you are writing a research paper for the first time, this article will help you a lot. Every step in writing a research paper is explained below. Keep reading until the end.
Research Paper Vs Research Proposal
A research paper is meant for a student whereas a research proposal covers a vast audience. A research paper is written for academic purposes and is based on student knowledge. It is complete in all sense.
A research proposal is not complete. You can take it as a pitch that is written to show the worth or value of the research project. They are used to convince the reader that this research should be carried out as it will be of great benefit.
Steps to Write a Research Paper
- Understand the assignment
- Choose a research paper topic
- Conduct preliminary research
- Develop a thesis statement
- Create a research paper outline
- Paragraph structure
- Write a draft of the research paper
- Write the research paper introduction
- Write a compelling body of text
- Write the research paper conclusion
- The second draft
- The revision processes
- Research paper checklist
- Free lecture slides
Understand Your Assignment
Questions are not always direct. You may not get at once, what is being asked. It is very important to understand the question before answering. Just like you will do here.
Before starting writing, give some time to read the assignment given to you by your teacher. It can be in the form of writing assignments, prompts, grading rubric, or any other materials. Read it more than one time. Try to understand what is actually being asked. What is the focus of the question and what are the points that you need to elaborate more?
Before choosing a topic
- Read it thoroughly, if anything is not clear, discuss it with your professor.
- Identify the following
- Assignment goal
- Length specifications
- Submission method
- Make a list of bulleted key points, then go back and cross completed items off as you are writing.
Important Things to Consider
- Time Frame
- Word Limit
The topic of Research Paper
The first and most important step is to choose the topic of your research paper. You have to be realistic while choosing a topic in order to make your research different from previous research work. If the topic is challenging and new it will be interesting for you and you will be able to learn new things.
It’s important to keep in mind certain points while choosing a topic. It is worth mentioning that you must be well aware of your resources to carry out research. Research should be specific and to the point, you should consider undertaking research only on one variable. If your research includes multiple variables you may not be able to conclude your research on time, it will become difficult to correlate all the variables leading to loss of reliability of your work. All try not to choose general topics. For instance, if your research the topic is on increasing pollution, try to explore doing research on the topic on which much work has not been done, you should only consider doing research on a single variable. Doing research on multiple variables is not important, reliable work on single variable carries more worth than poorly correlated work on multiple variables.
Conduct Preliminary Research
Before you start to research, you have to find reliable sources from where you can find relevant information and evidence that can help prove your thesis. You have to carefully analyze all the information which can help you. At this point, you have to need to check your resources as if you can rely on them or not, write down important points, and make sure it’s grammatically correct.
It is essential to use the latest version of the style guide. You are supposed to get help from your notes regarding the references when writing about your paper and also in case of writing your bibliography. It is worth mentioning that you must cite all the sources from which you have to seek evidence about your research. In order to prevent plagiarism, you should paraphrase your research work.
Develop a Thesis Statement
The statement of the thesis should be precise and concise. Try to make it as precise as possible so that you can prove your research. If your topic is wide and open-ended it will be difficult to prove your point. Make sure the thesis statement reflects the type of research you are conducting. The thesis statement should be at the end of the introduction paragraph. The thesis statement or research question should represent your exact idea of research.
If you’re challenging the conclusion, it is classified as persuasive but if you are only explaining your content it is expository. If you are presenting an analysis of particular information it is analytical. One of the examples of a thesis statement; the use of plastic bags is the leading cause of land pollution.
Make an impressive outline
When you are carrying out research you may get thousands of ideas, what matters the most is your ability to organize and arrange your work accordingly in order to give a good impression. This is very crucial since a lot of research is being carried out, your research work must be easy to understand and must include all relevant information. Over information and disorganized research work makes the reader lose interest in your topic. Therefore, it is necessary to give an impressive and catchy outline.
First of all, you need to jot down all the relevant information which will encompass your thesis work and will also serve as a guide for your work. You need to support the idea and concept of your thesis, so all the information that supports your thesis must be collected and organized in an orderly pattern. Try to make headings and subheadings to keep your work convenient for the readers. There is often an urge to include the information related directly or indirectly to the topic, this temptation must be avoided and all the information must be kept precise and brief.
Following key points must be kept in mind when structuring an outline:
- Title of the article (must be kept short and precise)
- Abstract of the research work
- Introduction of the topic (which would include the basic information and introduction to the problem)
- The methodology utilized to carry out research
- Results of the study
- Discussion of the problem (Arguments against and in favor of your study)
- Conclusion of the research article (Includes a summary of key points)
Creation of Basic Framework or Draft for Your Study
At this point in research writing, you have all the relevant information, you must put your work in process and make a blueprint of your work, further information can be added to this basic draft.
The title of the study must be preferably precise and concise because this is the first thing noticed by the readers, it must include the idea on which the study is based. It is also easy for readers to find out about your research work if the title includes the idea on which research is based. The title reflects a problem that readers want to look into. Don’t forget to mention keywords regarding your topic. Form a sentence that must have all the relevant keywords.
Although it’s vital to follow all the guidelines and usual structural format of research, the following three steps are most important. Now, we will explain each step thoroughly.
Writing an Introduction for A Research Work
The introduction must include some basic information which would include:
- Basic information related to your work.
- Problem on which the study is based.
- Why is your research work important or how does it contribute to the literature?
- What does the data from previous studies show?
- Conclude your introduction by mentioning your thesis statement.
The introduction must be relevant and to the point, lengthy introduction tends to make the readers lose focus, and it puts a very poor impression. All quality research work has a precise and concise introduction.
How to Write Body Paragraphs?
The body paragraphs may be a detailed explanation of your outline. Although you may not follow the outline precisely, the outline may give you a rough idea to keep you on track. In body paragraphs, you have to choose between reliable and unreliable resources, keep relevant information, and use them in your research.
The number of your body paragraphs hinge on your key points. You may begin your sentence with a key point, then present arguments or supporting evidence related to it. Always place strong arguments first.
Concluding Your Research
The last step is to conclude your research. In the majority of research papers, the conclusion usually restates the thesis statement. You may rephrase your statement, summarize your points, and briefly explain how these points support your arguments.
Before publishing your research, the article makes sure to revise and proofread your rough draft of the conclusion.
Revision and Editing
Take your time to revise and edit your research work. This part does not need much effort but may improve your research quality. Here are a few things to keep in mind while editing your work.
- Make sure your thesis statement is concise
- The paper should be well-organized and should flow from beginning to end with logical transitions.
- Ideas should follow a sequence in paragraphs
- Arguments should be strong and must support your thesis
- Try to avoid repetition
- Check for plagiarism, proper citation of sources.
- Language should be simple, clear, and specific?
- Sentence flow should be smooth and logical and grammatically correct.
- Avoid filler words
- Check grammar and spelling errors.
Here you have a unique research paper. Definitely, if you followed all these tips and tricks, you will get a perfect one.